Introduction. Cardiovascular disease (CVD) is the leading cause of mortality in chronic kidney disease (CKD) patients. Fibroblast growth factor-23 (FGF-23) is associated with atherosclerosis and cardiovascular mortality in CKD patients and healthy subjects. However, data in renal transplant recipients (RTR) are scarce. We aimed to determine factors associated with FGF-23 and to explore its relationship to atherosclerosis.