The present study aims to assess the short-and mid-term post-graduation impact of a pharmacotherapy course in the fifth year at Marmara University School of Medicine by an objective (OSCE) and a subjective (questionnaires) evaluation. Statistical comparison of pretest, posttest-exposed case and posttest-unexposed case scores indicated both a retention and a transfer effect of training. The post-course questionnaire revealed that 95% of the students found the course useful and necessary; 97% reported that they will apply a rational pharmacotherapy approach using this model and communicate better with their patients. The post-graduation questionnaire also showed that the majority of them have learned general principles of rational pharmacotherapy (90%), gained good prescribing (90%) and communication skills (87.5%), and understood the importance of non-pharmacological treatment alternatives (100%). In general, they stated that they would apply the principles during their medical practice and they believed their colleagues would do too. In conclusion, the present study demonstrates the benefit of a clinical pharmacology programme focused on rational pharmacotherapy during the clinical years of medical education.