Same author and two different commentaries: Ibn ‘Abdul Barr and his commentaries of the Muwatta’ At-Tamhīd and Al-Istidhkār

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Yılmaz R.


  • Basıldığı Şehir: Nottingham
  • Basıldığı Ülke: İngiltere


Imām Mālik’s Muwatta’ is a collection of two items: the sayings and deeds of Prophet Muhammad (pbuh) and legal opinions and decisions of the Prophet’s Companions, their successors, and some later authorities. Mālik steadily revised this work and as a result reduced the material in it. Therefore, it has a lot of transmissions and commentaries. The most famous commentaries are by Ibn ‘Abdul Barr (d. 463 H) who compiled two commentaries: At-Tamhīd and Al-Istidhkār. The full name of first book is Al-Tamhîd limâ fîl-Muwatta' min al-Ma`ânî wal-Asânîd (The Facilitation to the Meanings and Chains of Transmission Found in Mâlik's Muwatta'); the full name of second book is Al-Istidhkâr li Madhhab `Ulamâ' al-Amsâr fîmâ Tadammanahu al-Muwatta' min Ma`ânî al-Ra'î wal-Athâr (The Memorization of the Doctrine of the Scholars of the World Concerning the Juridical Opinions and the Narrations Found in Mâlik's Muwatta'). Abu Umar al-Namari al-Andalusi al-Qurtubi al-Maliki, commonly known as Ibn Abd-al-Barr was an eleventh-century Maliki judge and scholar. He has an important status as specialist in Hadith sciences and as a Maliki jurist. In this paper, I will analyze the plan and the purpose of Ibn Abd-al-Barr in the At-Tamhīd and in the Al-Istidhkār.

The introduction of my paper will give brief information about the subject, and its importance, and my method. In addition, an analysis of the most important concept of paper sharh will be given. I will focus on the reason and purpose of writing two commentaries by the same author, Ibn Abd-al-Barr on the same book, Muwatta’ in the context of At-Tamhīd and in Al-Istidhkār. I will compare these two commentaries, their contents, original aspects of them, and the process of writing of them according to Muslim and Western scholars with their arguments. I will discuss why the author needs the writing of these two commentaries on the same book.

The claim of ‘there is no original aspects of commentaries’ will be criticized and especially described how these commentaries influence the development of the science of hadīth. Besides exhibits how these commentaries affected the other classical commentaries of Muwatta'. I will examine some explanations of Ibn Abd-al-Barr about the same hadiths which recorded in the At-Tamhīd and in the Al-Istidhkār.

Finally my opinion about the At-Tamhīd and the Al-Istidhkār obtained during the my research.