Investigation of HMG-CoA reductase inhibitory and antioxidant effects of various hydroxycoumarin derivatives

Ozalp L., DANIŞ Ö. , Yuce-Dursun B., DEMİR S. , Gunduz C., OGAN A.

ARCHIV DER PHARMAZIE, cilt.353, sa.10, 2020 (SCI İndekslerine Giren Dergi) identifier identifier

  • Yayın Türü: Makale / Tam Makale
  • Cilt numarası: 353 Konu: 10
  • Basım Tarihi: 2020
  • Doi Numarası: 10.1002/ardp.201900378


Cardiovascular diseases are one of the primary causes of deaths worldwide, and the development of atherosclerosis is closely related to hypercholesterolemia. As the reduction of the low-density lipoprotein cholesterol level is critical for treating these diseases, the inhibition of 3-hydroxy-3-methyl-glutaryl coenzyme A (HMG-CoA) reductase, which is essentially responsible for cholesterol biosynthesis, stands out as a key solution to lower plasma cholesterol levels. In this study, we synthesized several dihydroxycoumarins and investigated their antioxidant and in vitro HMG-CoA reductase inhibitory effects. Furthermore, we carried out in silico studies and examined the quantum-chemical properties of the coumarin derivatives. We also performed molecular docking experiments and analyzed the binding strength of each coumarin derivative. Our results revealed that compoundIVdisplayed the highest HMG-CoA reductase inhibitory activity (IC50 = 42.0 mu M) in vitro. Cupric-reducing antioxidant capacity and ferric-reducing antioxidant power assays demonstrated that coumarin derivatives exhibit potent antioxidant activities. Additionally, a close relationship was found between the lowest unoccupied molecular orbital energy levels and the antioxidant activities.