Aim: A recent improvement was made on the law regulating maternity leave in 2011 in Turkey. The leave without pay period was increased, the right to stop working on night shifts was granted, and work hours were improved. It is a known fact that returning to work is a barrier against exclusive and total breastfeeding duration. Legal regulations have crucial importance on the ability of working mothers to breastfeed their infants. The aim of this study was to calculate the effect of the improved law on breastfeeding rates among female physicians. Moreover, the difference in the duration of exclusive breastfeeding and total breastfeeding were evaluated in relation to the new law.