Structural and dielectrical properties of PMMA/TiO2 composites in terms of free volume defects probed by positron annihilation lifetime spectroscopy


KAYA A. U. , Kösem G., YENER M. D. , TAV C. , YAHŞİ U. , ESMER K.

Polymers and Polymer Composites, vol.29, pp.107-116, 2021 (Journal Indexed in SCI) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 29
  • Publication Date: 2021
  • Doi Number: 10.1177/0967391120903533
  • Title of Journal : Polymers and Polymer Composites
  • Page Numbers: pp.107-116
  • Keywords: PMMA, TiO2, composite, dielectric properties, UV-visible, free volume, positron annihilation lifetime spectroscopy

Abstract

A suspension of ultrasonically agitated Titanium dioxide micrometer-sized powder has been introduced into a poly(methyl methacrylate) (PMMA) matrix by solvent (CHCl3) mixing under slow mechanical stirring, and the resulting suspension was used to cast free-standing PMMA/TiO2 composite films. Filler contents from 0 wt% to 7.5 wt% were selected, since TiO2 particles could not be previously suspended in chloroform at higher concentrations by ultrasonic agitation. Optical and dielectric properties of composites were determined by ultraviolet (UV)-visible and dielectric spectrometry. In the UV region, 450% improvement of UV absorption was achieved in the TiO2/PMMA composite compared with neat PMMA. The structural properties and hole-free volume of the composites were determined by X-ray diffractometry and positron annihilation lifetime spectroscopy, respectively. The particle size and homogeneous dispersion of the particles in the polymer matrix were related to the hole-free volume of the PMMA.