Background We hypothesized that Caesarean delivered babies might experience excessive weight loss during neonatal period. Aim To investigate amount of weight loss among Caesarean delivered babies with exclusive breastfeeding and to identify role of relative weight change (RWC) in early postnatal period on the growth of infants in subsequent months. Methods We studied healthy infants born =36 completed weeks, by Caesarean section between September 2008 and August 2009, with Apgar scores >7. Weight measurements were performed at birth, at 24 h postpartum and at days 2, 4, 7, 14, 30 and monthly up to 6 months. Predictive roles of RWC at each assessment on detecting excessive weight loss and poor weight gain in 1st month, as well as bodyweight z scores in subsequent months were assessed. Results We studied 160 infants (88 female, 72 male) with a mean gestational age of 38.01 +/- 1 weeks and birthweight of 3239 +/- 421 g. Overall, 22.5% of infants lost >10% of birthweight; 11.9% at day 2, 16.9% at day 4 and 6.6% at day 7. Degree of weight loss was not related with parity, gestational age, birthweight or type of anaesthesia. Predictive values of RWCs in detecting poor weight gain in 030 days were: 2nd day; limit =-9.4%, specificity = 91.5%, 4th day; limit =-10.2%, specificity = 89.4%, 7th day; limit =-6.3%, specificity = 85%, sensitivity = 78%, 14th day; limit =+0.8%, specificity = 91.5%, sensitivity = 83.3%. Adjusting for birthweight z scores, RWC at 14th day had a significant influence on 1st and 2nd month bodyweight z scores. Bodyweight z scores were significantly correlated with the z scores of bodyweight in 15 months but not with that of 6 months. Conclusion Incidence of excessive weight loss is very high among Caesarean delivered babies. RWC at earlier measurements proves satisfactory in predicting poor infant growth. Management strategies based on identifying infants at risk could prevent excessive weight loss and improve future growth of those infants.