Serum 25(OH) Vitamin D Levels in Severely Obese Patients Evaluated Before Bariatric Surgery


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Günhan H. G. , Uygur M. M. , İmre E., Elbasan O. , Yavuz D.

Turkish Journal of Endocrinology and metabolism, cilt.24, sa.3, ss.115-121, 2020 (Diğer Kurumların Hakemli Dergileri)

  • Yayın Türü: Makale / Tam Makale
  • Cilt numarası: 24 Konu: 3
  • Basım Tarihi: 2020
  • Doi Numarası: 10.25179/tjem.2019-7177
  • Dergi Adı: Turkish Journal of Endocrinology and metabolism
  • Sayfa Sayıları: ss.115-121

Özet

Objective: Obesity is a risk factor for vitamin D deficiency, which is reported to be detected differently in each population. This study aimed to evaluate the 25(OH) vitamin D (25(OH)D) levels, intact parathormone (iPTH) levels, and their relationship with body mass index (BMI) in obese patients, screened prior to bariatric surgery. Material and Methods: This retrospective study comprised of 1.082 obese patients (41±10 years, female/male: 823/259) who were candidates for bariatric surgery. BMI, waist circumference (WC), serum 25(OH)D, iPTH, calcium, phosphorus values of these patients were recorded from patient files. Results: BMI, WC, iPTH, and 25(OH)D levels were 48±8.9 kg/m², 128±11.9 cm, 64±36 pg/mL, and 15±18 ng/mL, respectively. Mean 25(OH)D level of 79.1% of the patients belonged to the deficiency range. Very low 25(OH) vitamin D levels (<10 ng/mL) were witnessed among 40.9% (443/1.082) of the study group. Female obese subjects possessed significantly lower serum 25(OH)D levels as compared to male obese patients. Significant negative correlations were perceived between 25(OH)D levels and iPTH (r=-0.34, p<0.0001), BMI (r=-0.20, p<0.0001), and waist circumferences (r=-0.14, p=0.002) in the whole group. Multivariate analysis indicated that BMI to be an independent risk factor for vitamin D deficiency. Conclusion: A high rate of vitamin D deficiency was documented in our morbidly obese patients who were candidates for bariatric surgery. BMI is a determinant of 25(OH)D levels. It is essential to screen for vitamin D deficiency and possible osteomalacia among the candidates for bariatric surgery of obese patients and should be treated appropriately before bariatric surgery.