10th AGP International Humanities and Social Sciences Conference, Dubrovnik, Hırvatistan, 20 - 22 Ekim 2017, ss.229-237
States aiming to gain superiority in international trade of the globalizing world are constantly changing their foreign trade structures in order to keep their economies dynamic and maintain the growth in their economic structure. In this context, Turkey started exporting agricultural products in the early Republican Period and at present, the export inputs are maintained with industrial products. This situation shows the presence of sectoral evolution in the foreign trade structure. The foreign trade policy of Turkey has been transformed and it has showed major differences in the periods before and after 1980, with the influence of the liberalization movement in the world trade. Inward-oriented foreign trade policies dominated with protectionism have been replaced by outward-oriented foreign trade policies. Thus, foreign trade policy has been shaped by an export-based economic growth. On the other hand, the increase in the foreign trade volume of Turkey has brought a different prestige to the country, thereby creating the foreign deficit and associated current deficit risk. The present study attempts to provide an analysis for the real foreign trade performance of Turkey in 2001-2016, based on sectoral and statistical data.
Key Words: Foreign Trade, Export, Import, Foreign Trade Deficit, Foreign Trade Structure