Which Flexible Ureteroscopes (Digital vs. Fiber-Optic) Can Easily Reach the Difficult Lower Pole Calices and Have Better End-Tip Deflection: In Vitro Study on K-Box. A PETRA Evaluation

Dragos L. B. , Somani B. K. , Sener E. T. , Buttice S., Proietti S., Ploumidis A., ...More

JOURNAL OF ENDOUROLOGY, vol.31, no.7, pp.630-637, 2017 (Journal Indexed in SCI) identifier identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 31 Issue: 7
  • Publication Date: 2017
  • Doi Number: 10.1089/end.2017.0109
  • Title of Journal : JOURNAL OF ENDOUROLOGY
  • Page Numbers: pp.630-637
  • Keywords: flexible ureteroscopes, end-tip deflection, acute angled calices, IRRIGATION FLOW, URETERORENOSCOPE


Background and Purpose: Modern flexible ureteroscopes (fURSs) have good deflection, but despite this, approaching an acute angled calix can still be difficult. The goals of our in vitro study were to assess the ability of the available modern fURSs to effectively access the sharp angled calices and to compare the end-tip deflection of the various fiber-optic and digital fURSs.