MORPHOTYPING, GENOTYPING AND INVESTIGATION OF SOME VIRULENCE FACTORS IN DIFFERENT MORPHOTYPES OF CANDIDA PARAPSILOSIS CLINICAL ISOLATES


Akyol V., ÇERİKÇİOĞLU N.

MIKROBIYOLOJI BULTENI, cilt.44, ss.605-617, 2010 (SCI İndekslerine Giren Dergi) identifier

  • Cilt numarası: 44 Konu: 4
  • Basım Tarihi: 2010
  • Dergi Adı: MIKROBIYOLOJI BULTENI
  • Sayfa Sayıları: ss.605-617

Özet

In recent years there is an increase in frequency of systemic candidiasis cases caused by Candida parapsilosis. However there isn't any standardized genotyping method to be used in epidemiology of those infections. In this study we aimed to determine utility of morphotyping instead of genotyping to study the epidemiology of 53 C.parapsilosis strains isolated from blood (n= 40) and urine (n= 13) cultures of inpatients at Marmara University Hospital, Istanbul, Turkey. The isolates were morphotyped according to their surface and color properties on Sabouraud-triphenyltetrazolium agar (STTZ) and surface characteristics on malt extract agar (MA) media and 10 different subgroups were obtained. In order to genotype the strains, RAPD-PCR (Random Amplified Polymorphic DNA-Polymerase Chain Reaction) method was used and three different genotypes were obtained comprising mostly type II (90.6%). One of the putative virulence factors investigated in the isolates was phospholipase activity. Phospholipase production was not detected in any of the strains on egg-yolk agar (pH: 4.2). Esterase activity of the strains on Tween-80 agar was negative except for one. In order to observe acid proteinase activity, bovine serum albumin containing (pH: 5.0) agar was used and in 11.3% of the strains no acid proteinase activity was seen while in 75.5% moderate (+), in 13.2% strong (++) activity was detected. Slime production was investigated in 8% glucose containing Sabouraud broth (SB) medium and 67.9 % of the strains were found to be negative; while 20.7% were weakly (+), 7.5% were moderately (++) and 3.7% were strongly (+++) positive. Hydrophobicity of the strains was evaluated by using hexadecane hydrocarbon adherence assay and one isolate was weakly hydrophobic while the remaining strains were found to be moderately hydrophobic. We could not observe superiority of morphotyping over genotyping. Additionally no property was found to associate with a certain morphotype, in terms of virulence factors.