Differences in PET/CT standardized uptake values involvement and survival compared to histologic subtypes of lung adenocarcinoma


Ercelep O., Alan O., AKIN TELLİ T. , BAŞOĞLU TÜYLÜ T. , Arikan R. , DEMİRCAN N. C. , ...Daha Fazla

TUMORI J, 2020 (SCI İndekslerine Giren Dergi) identifier identifier

  • Yayın Türü: Makale / Tam Makale
  • Cilt numarası:
  • Basım Tarihi: 2020
  • Doi Numarası: 10.1177/0300891620950475
  • Dergi Adı: TUMORI J

Özet

Purpose: Lung adenocarcinoma is histologically diverse but has distinct histologic growth patterns. There is no consensus on the clinical benefit of this histologic model. We aimed to evaluate the differences in the distribution of the preoperative primary tumor positron emission tomography (PET)/computed tomography (CT) standardized uptake values (SUVs) and survival in the lung adenocarcinoma subtypes. Methods: We retrospectively evaluated the data of 107 patients with resected lung adenocarcinoma who had preoperative PET/CT between 2005 and 2017 in a single center. Patients had lepidic, acinar, papillary, micropapillary, and solid histologic subtypes. We compared fluorodeoxyglucose SUVs and survival data of histologic subtypes. Results: The median age of the patients was 62 years (40-75), 76.4% were male, the median SUVmax was 9.4 (1-36.7), and the median follow-up time was 29 months (3-135 months). The median overall survival (OS) was 71 months and the median progression-free survival (PFS) was 33 months. SUVmax was significantly different in histologic subtypes: values for papillary, micropapillary, solid, acinar, and lepidic subtypes were 9.7, 8, 12, 9.1, and 3.9, respectively (p= 0.000). Solid predominant adenocarcinoma had significantly higher SUVmax than the other subtypes (p= 0.001). Lepidic predominant adenocarcinoma had significantly lower SUVmax than the other subtypes (p= 0.000). There was no significant difference in OS between histologic subtypes (p= 0.66), but PFS was significantly different between the groups (p= 0.017), and the solid subtype had a shorter PFS than the other histologic subtypes. Conclusion: Lung adenocarcinoma consists of a diverse group of diseases. Different SUVmax values are seen in different histologic subtypes of nonmetastatic lung adenocarcinoma. Solid predominant types have high SUVmax values while lepidic predominant types have lower SUVmax values. The solid subtype had a shorter PFS than the other histologic subtypes.