The Significance of European Music in the Education and Training of Baglama in Institutions for Music Pedagogy


Özdemir M. A.

Intercultural Music Srudies 23, no.23, pp.169-193, 2020 (Journal Indexed in ESCI)

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Publication Date: 2020
  • Title of Journal : Intercultural Music Srudies 23
  • Page Numbers: pp.169-193

Abstract

The Significance of European Music in the Education and Training of Baglama in Institutions for Music Pedagogy

Abstract

 

After the republic was established, considering the conditions of that period, it was inevitable that the training of music teachers was to be based on the tenets of western (European) music. Compiling the folk songs and arranging them polyphonically with the techniques of western music was perceived as a tenet and modernity and became the convention. However, local instruments (folk instruments) have been excluded from this ongoing process which appeared in that period.

It took approximately 15-20 years for local instruments to find a place in educational programs for music pedagogy. Yet, both teaching methods and performances on local instruments, which have been employed in the educational process, haven’t gone been applied beyond the bounds of traditional music.

It is, however, possible for baglama, one traditional instrument, to be integrated into western music by:

 

1. Creating authentic works from western musical patterns,

2. Creating works in the tonal structure of Western music,

3. Transcribing composed works of Western music for baglama,

4. Accompanying the works composed for baglama and folk songs with Western instruments (such as the piano or the guitar),

5. Playing the baglama as an accompanying instrument