Glucocorticoid receptor gene polymorhisms and breast cancer: significant association in cancerous tissue samples from Turkish patients

Akyıldız G. , Akkiprik M. , Özer S. A. , Kaya H. , Güllüoğlu M. B. , Aral C.

bioRxiv, ss.1-14, 2018 (Hakemsiz Dergi)

  • Yayın Türü: Makale / Tam Makale
  • Basım Tarihi: 2018
  • Doi Numarası: 10.1101/292631
  • Dergi Adı: bioRxiv
  • Sayfa Sayıları: ss.1-14


Background and Aims: Glucocorticoid receptor (GR) has been postulated to serve an important role in normal breast and breast carcinoma. On the other hand, studies on its common polymorphisms with breast cancer are very limited. In this study, we aimed to assess the presence and frequency of 4 common polymorphisms of the GR gene in the cancerous tissue samples from breast cancer patients in the Turkish population and compare them with healthy individuals. Methods: DNA samples from 86 Turkish female breast cancer patients and 86 healthy controls analysed for BclI, Tth111I, N363S and ER22/23EK polymorphisms of GR gene by PCR-RFLP. Results: N363S polymorphism was not observed in study samples. Frequency of BclI polymorphism did not differ between cases and controls but it associated with family history of cancer. The polymorphic allele frequency of Tth111I and ER22/23EK was found to be higher in cases compared to healthy samples (p<0.05). Also, a haplotype containing polymorphic variants of these two polymorphisms found to be associated with breast cancer. Conclusion: The data presented here suggest that polymorphisms of GR gene may be an important risk factor for breast cancer predisposition.