The effects of two different frequencies of whole-body vibration on knee extensors strength in healthy young volunteers: a randomized trial


ESMAEİLZADEH S., AKPINAR M., POLAT S., YILDIZ A. , ORAL A.

JOURNAL OF MUSCULOSKELETAL & NEURONAL INTERACTIONS, vol.15, no.4, pp.333-340, 2015 (Journal Indexed in SCI) identifier identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 15 Issue: 4
  • Publication Date: 2015
  • Title of Journal : JOURNAL OF MUSCULOSKELETAL & NEURONAL INTERACTIONS
  • Page Numbers: pp.333-340

Abstract

The aim of this study was to investigate the effects of two different frequencies of whole-body vibration (WBV) training on knee extensors muscle strength in healthy young volunteers. Twenty-two eligible healthy untrained young women aged 22-31 years were allocated randomly to the 30-Hz (n= 11) and 50-Hz (n= 11) groups. They participated in a supervised WBV training program that consisted of 24 sessions on a synchronous vertical vibration platform (peak-to-peak displacement: 2-4 mm; type of exercises: semisquat, one-legged squat, and lunge positions on right leg; set numbers: 2-24) three times per week for 8 weeks. Isometric and dynamic strength of the knee extensors were measured prior to and at the end of the 8-week training. In the 30-Hz group, there was a significant increase in the maximal voluntary isometric contraction (p= 0.039) and the concentric peak torque (p= 0.018) of knee extensors and these changes were significant (p< 0.05) compared with the 50-Hz group. In addition, the eccentric peak torque of knee extensors was increased significantly in both groups (p< 0.05); however, there was no significant difference between the two groups (p= 0.873). We concluded that 8 weeks WBV training in 30 Hz was more effective than 50 Hz to increase the isometric contraction and dynamic strength of knee extensors as measured using peak concentric torque and equally effective with 50 Hz in improving eccentric torque of knee extensors in healthy young untrained women.