Turkish Validity and Reliability of DREEM Questionnaire used in Assessment of Learning Environment in Physiotherapy and Rehabilitation Undergraduate Education

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Yurdalan S. U. , Sengir N., İşci E.

Journal of Health, Medicine and Nursing, vol.78, pp.8-16, 2020 (Journal Indexed in ESCI)

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 78
  • Publication Date: 2020
  • Doi Number: 10.7176/jhmn/78-02
  • Title of Journal : Journal of Health, Medicine and Nursing
  • Page Numbers: pp.8-16


Purpose: To create a version of the DREEM (The Dundee Ready Education Environment Measure) questionnaire used in the evaluation of the educational environment in health sciences in Turkish and investigate its validity and reliability. Methods: The Turkish form of the questionnaire was created as a first step of our study. It was answered by 401 undergraduate students studying at Marmara University Faculty of Health Sciences (in Turkey) at the department of Physiotherapy and Rehabilitation. The SPSS 11.5 software package program was used in the analysis of the obtained data. Results: 55% (n=221) of the students who participated in the study were female and 45% (n= 180) were male with an average age of 21.34 ± 2.04 years. Reliability analysis was performed with internal consistency analysis (Cronbach Alpha analysis). In the internal consistency analysis, the Cronbach Alpha coefficient was calculated as 0.92 and the internal consistency of the questionnaire was determined. The validity of the questionnaire was assessed by Explanatory Factor Analysis. According to the analysis, 6 factors were revealed. Since the data explained 53.38% of the total variance, the DREEM survey was accepted to have construct validity. Conclusion: Our study proved that the Turkish version of the DREEM questionnaire is valid and reliable to use in physiotherapy and rehabilitation learning environment. It was concluded that DREEM is an effective tool for the evaluation and regulation of education in the institutions providing undergraduate education.

Key Words: DREEM, Physiotherapy Education, Validity, Reliability, Learning Environment