The aim of this study is to analyze the role of meta-cognition while solving indefinite integral problems. In this study, there are particularly three objectives to be obtained. These are; i) observe meta-cognitive behaviors of prospective mathematics teachers while solving problems, ii) determine the importance of meta-cognition in problem solving and iii) determine challenges, typical errors and points to be considered for solving indefinite integral problems. The study is a qualitative research. Data collection tools are; i) Problems Form (PF) and ii) Meta-Cognitive Skills Questionnaire (MSQ). In this context, this study was completed by 60 prospective mathematics teachers. All prospective mathematics teachers are sophomore students at a university. Data collection tools were filled by the prospective mathematics teachers in 50 minutes. Collected data were analyzed descriptively. The analysis of the problem which were solved by the prospective mathematics teachers and the examination of completed questionnaires are to provide an understanding for the meta-cognitive aspects of solving indefinite integral problems. In conclusion, the challenges faced by prospective mathematics teachers that are subject to recall, choose incorrect solution and not knowing where to start in problem solving. The common mistakes are incorrect solutions and calculation errors. On the other hand, the point that should be considered in the problem solving is to choose a strategy. (C) 2015 The Authors. Published by Elsevier Ltd. This is an open access article under the CC BY-NC-ND license (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/). Peer-review under responsibility of Academic World Education and Research Center.