Supplementation of docosahexaenoic acid (DHA) / Eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA) in a ratio of 1/1.3 during the last trimester of pregnancy results in EPA accumulation in cord blood


Buyukuslu N., Ovali S., Altuntas S. L. , BATIREL S. , Yigit P., Garipagaoglu M.

PROSTAGLANDINS LEUKOTRIENES AND ESSENTIAL FATTY ACIDS, vol.125, pp.32-36, 2017 (Journal Indexed in SCI) identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 125
  • Publication Date: 2017
  • Doi Number: 10.1016/j.plefa.2017.08.005
  • Title of Journal : PROSTAGLANDINS LEUKOTRIENES AND ESSENTIAL FATTY ACIDS
  • Page Numbers: pp.32-36

Abstract

Omega-3 fatty acids (n-3 FA), specifically DHA, are associated with fetal growth and development. We aimed to determine the levels of DHA and EPA in cord serum after n-3 FA supplementation during the last trimester of pregnancy. Among 55 women, 23 were administered daily one capsule of n-3 FA supplement, involving DHA/EPA in a ratio of 1/1.3. Twenty nine women were enrolled as control group. Blood samples were collected at 22-24 weeks of gestation and at delivery. Fatty acids were analyzed with the method of GC-MS. Cord DHA level increased and EPA level decreased in both groups between the days of 22-24 and delivery. However, decrease in cord EPA level was significant in control group (p < 0.001) but not in supplement group (p > 0.05). Supplementation of DHA/EPA in a ratio of 1/1.3 during the last trimester of pregnancy caused higher cord EPA level compared to control group indicating an accumulation in umbilical cord.