The perception of medicalization of the final year students in the Marmara University Health Sciences related schools


Ünalan G. P. , Kartal İ., Koç Y., Küçük F. Y. , Turhan O., Hacıoğulları C., ...Daha Fazla

85th EGPRN Meeting, Dublin-Ireland, Dublin, İrlanda, 19 - 22 Ekim 2017, ss.100

  • Yayın Türü: Bildiri / Özet Bildiri
  • Basıldığı Şehir: Dublin
  • Basıldığı Ülke: İrlanda
  • Sayfa Sayıları: ss.100

Özet

Background: Medicalization is a social and intellectual concept which has its own perspectives, metaphores, values and causatives; establishing practical and theoretical approaches especially in the living spaces. The phenomenons alcoholism, mental disorders, drug addiction, gender differences; widely accepted as amoral or offensive in the past such as anxiety, birth, menopause, senility, and death; are contemporarily considered as diseases. Research questions: What are the opinions of final year students of the Marmara University School of Health Sciences, Dentistry, Pharmacy, and Nursing, on medicalization? Method: The population of this descriptive cross-sectional study is considered by 1014 final year university students of the health sciences disciplines. Sample size with a 5% margin of error, 95% confidence level, and 80% of response rate is found as 200. Stratified sampling is executed in order to decide how many students to be testified in each faculty. The study is authorized by MUTF Ethical Comittee. The data is examined by SPSS 20.00. Descriptive statistics with frequency distribution, means and percentages; comperative statistics are analyzed with chi-square and student-t tests. Statistical significance level is accepted as 0.05. Results: 67.5% of the 213 is female and their hometown is most frequently Marmara(33%), Karadeniz(24%), and İç Anadolu(14%), respectively. The participants mostly live in student houses(36%) or stay with their families(34%). The statements that indicate intense medicalization are: "The support of a specialist must be taken in order to surpass the menopause period ideally." (73%), "Hair transplantation is applied for boosting the self-confidence and feeling good." (71%), "A physician must be consulted in hair shedding in senility." (67%), "Medical advises have a role in increase of vaccination rates." (64%). In the first and fourth statements, the medicalization among women is significantly higher (84%vs70%, 75%vs25%, p=0.005, p=0.004) Conclusions: Medicalization is prevalent in the final year students so education on this topic should be revised to increase the awareness.