85th EGPRN Meeting, Dublin-Ireland, Dublin, İrlanda, 19 - 22 Ekim 2017, ss.100
Medicalization is a social and intellectual concept which has its own perspectives, metaphores, values and
causatives; establishing practical and theoretical approaches especially in the living spaces. The
phenomenons alcoholism, mental disorders, drug addiction, gender differences; widely accepted as amoral or
offensive in the past such as anxiety, birth, menopause, senility, and death; are contemporarily considered as
What are the opinions of final year students of the Marmara University School of Health Sciences, Dentistry,
Pharmacy, and Nursing, on medicalization?
The population of this descriptive cross-sectional study is considered by 1014 final year university students of
the health sciences disciplines. Sample size with a 5% margin of error, 95% confidence level, and 80% of
response rate is found as 200. Stratified sampling is executed in order to decide how many students to be
testified in each faculty. The study is authorized by MUTF Ethical Comittee. The data is examined by SPSS
20.00. Descriptive statistics with frequency distribution, means and percentages; comperative statistics are
analyzed with chi-square and student-t tests. Statistical significance level is accepted as 0.05.
67.5% of the 213 is female and their hometown is most frequently Marmara(33%), Karadeniz(24%), and İç
Anadolu(14%), respectively. The participants mostly live in student houses(36%) or stay with their
families(34%). The statements that indicate intense medicalization are: "The support of a specialist must be
taken in order to surpass the menopause period ideally." (73%), "Hair transplantation is applied for boosting
the self-confidence and feeling good." (71%), "A physician must be consulted in hair shedding in senility."
(67%), "Medical advises have a role in increase of vaccination rates." (64%). In the first and fourth statements,
the medicalization among women is significantly higher (84%vs70%, 75%vs25%, p=0.005, p=0.004)
Medicalization is prevalent in the final year students so education on this topic should be revised to increase