Evaluation of Eating Habits and Nutritional Knowledge Levels of Professional Football Players and Amateur Football Players Trained in Health Sciences


Creative Commons License

İSLAMOĞLU A. H. , KENGER E. B. , Ova B., Coşkun B. A. , Chavush G., Solmaz İ., ...Daha Fazla

Acta Scientific Nutritional Health, cilt.3, sa.9, ss.154-160, 2019 (Diğer Kurumların Hakemli Dergileri)

  • Cilt numarası: 3 Konu: 9
  • Basım Tarihi: 2019
  • Dergi Adı: Acta Scientific Nutritional Health
  • Sayfa Sayıları: ss.154-160

Özet

This study was conducted to evaluate the nutritional habits and knowledge levels of amateur and professional football players. The
research was carried out with a total number of 69; the amateur football teams of a state university (n = 48) and a professional U-21
football team (n = 21) between January-June 2017. A scale was used to examine the nutritional habits and nutritional knowledge level
developed by the researchers by using similar studies in the literature. SPSS version 22 was used for statistical analysis. Frequency
and percentage values of the data were calculated and chi-square test was applied. There was a significant difference between the
groups in terms of the days, hours and types of training, cigarette-alcohol usage, consumption of nutritional supplements, vitaminsminerals, protein powder and sports drink, frequency of water and fluid consumption (p < 0.05). There was no significant difference
between the groups in terms of anthropometric measurements, adequate and balanced nutrition, skipping meals, snacks and their
contents, habit of packaged product consumption, night-eating habit, daily fluid consumptions and the fluid consumptions before/
after training and competition, the content of nutrients consumed before and after training, the level of nutritional education, the
level of knowledge of athletes about nutrition, the content of nutrients, vitamins and minerals, the knowledge of carbohydratecontaining foods, the effect of excessive protein and vitamin consumption on the performance (p > 0.05). Amateur and professional
football players' eating habits and nutritional knowledge levels were not significantly different. As a result, it should be ensured that
both amateur and professional football players are given the necessary training to increase their nutritional knowledge and to train
athletes by experts.