International Journal of Human Sciences, vol.9, no.2, pp.1260-1270, 2012 (Refereed Journals of Other Institutions)
The aim of this study was to investigate the relationship between balance lost on balance beam during the series performed by women gymnasts at International Bosphorus Gymnastics Tournament with anthropometric characteristics and static-dynamic balance test scores.
19 female gymnasts (ages 14,53±2,20, training years9,0±3) participated in this research voluntarily. Before the competition, the static and dynamic balance score and anthropometrics values were taken by experienced researchers. In order to analyze balance loss on balance beam routines were evaluated by four international judges. The relationship between balance lost on balance beam and balance abilities were tested by “Pearson Correlation Analysis”.
As a result although there were a negative relationship between dynamic balance parameters with age, training experience, some anthropometric features (p<0,05) there were no relationship between static and dynamic balance tests parameters and balance lost on balance beam routines in gymnast (p>0,05). There were high negative relationship between final score and balance lost in balance beam series (p<0,01), there were no relationship between balance lost in balance beam series and static- dynamic balance parameters (p>0,05).
Artistic gymnastics training contribute positively to the improvement of balance skills, which may have enabled the gymnasts to preserve their balances perfectly, even under difficult circumstances. It can be summarized that the ability of the gymnasts in preserving their balances in similar degree, both during competition and during the tests given under laboratory conditions, can be an outcome of their improved balance skills acquired through exercise.