Synthesis and characterization of polyimide/hexagonal boron nitride composite

Kizilkaya C., Mulazim Y., KAHRAMAN M. V. , KAYAMAN APOHAN N. , Gungor A.

JOURNAL OF APPLIED POLYMER SCIENCE, vol.124, no.1, pp.706-712, 2012 (Journal Indexed in SCI) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 124 Issue: 1
  • Publication Date: 2012
  • Doi Number: 10.1002/app.35054
  • Page Numbers: pp.706-712
  • Keywords: hexagonal boron nitride, composite, polyimide, h-BN, LOI, POLYIMIDE, HYBRIDS, SURFACE, FILMS


Polyimide (PI)/hexagonal boron nitride (h-BN) composites were produced via the thermal imidization procedure from solution mixtures of a polyamicacid, which is prepared from 3,3',4,4'-benzophenonetetracarboxylic dianhydride and 3,3'-diaminodiphenyl sulfone (DADPS) in N-methyl-2-pyrrolidone (NMP), and alkoxysilane functionalized h-BN. The structure, thermostability, thermal behavior, and surface properties of the resulting materials were characterized by means of Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR), differential scanning calorimetry (DSC), thermogravimetric analysis (TGA), scanning electron microscopy (SEM). The thermal characteristics of PI/h-BN films were better than the pure PIs. The physical and mechanical properties of the films were evaluated by various techniques such as contact angle, chemical resistance, and tensile tests. The flame retardancy of the composite materials was also examined by the limiting oxygen index (LOI). The experiments showed that the LOI values of PIs increased from 32 to 43 for the materials containing hexagonal boron nitride. (C) 2011 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. J Appl Polym Sci, 2012