The synthesis of novel metal-free and metallo-phthalocyanines with four, peripheral 7-thio- and 7-oxo-4-methyl-2H-1-benzopyran-2-one (coumarin) groups were prepared by cyclotetramerization of 7-(3,4-dicyanophenylthio)-4-methylcoumarin and 7-(3,4-dicyanophenoxy)-4-methylcoumarin. The novel chromogenic compounds were characterized by elemental analysis, H-1 NMR, C-13 NMR, Mass, IR and UV-vis spectral data. The electronic spectra exhibit a band of coumarin identity with characteristic Q and B bands of the phthalocyanine core. The IR spectra showed two characteristic intense bands at 1718 cm(-1) for lactone carbonyl and at 1595 cm-1 for the a, P unsaturated doubled bond. (C) 2006 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.