Posttraumatic, dissociative and grief symptoms in Turkish children exposed to the 1999 earthquakes


Laor N., Wolmer L., Kora M., Yucel D., Spirman S., Yazgan Y.

JOURNAL OF NERVOUS AND MENTAL DISEASE, cilt.190, sa.12, ss.824-832, 2002 (SCI İndekslerine Giren Dergi) identifier identifier identifier

  • Yayın Türü: Makale / Tam Makale
  • Cilt numarası: 190 Konu: 12
  • Basım Tarihi: 2002
  • Doi Numarası: 10.1097/00005053-200212000-00004
  • Dergi Adı: JOURNAL OF NERVOUS AND MENTAL DISEASE
  • Sayfa Sayıları: ss.824-832

Özet

Grief and dissociation after traumatic exposures are among the most important predictors of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD). This article introduces the Traumatic Dissociation and Grief Scale (TDGS), a 23-item measure easily administered. The TDGS, the Child PTSD-Reaction Index (CPTSD-RI), and a questionnaire concerning risk factors related to the event (losses, injury, and witnessing death and injuries) were administered to school-aged children who had been directly exposed to the 1999 earthquakes in Turkey and to a nonexposed control group. Factor analysis of the TDGS yielded four factors: perceptual distortions, body-self distortions, irritability, and guilt and anhedonia. A moderate positive correlation was noted between the TDGS and the CPTSD-RI. Different sets of risk factors were associated with the different scale factors. The results suggest that the assessment of psychopathology in children following a disaster requires the complementary evaluation of symptoms of posttrauma, dissociation, and grief.