“Uygur Türklerinden Kullanılan Kitap Çeşitleri Ve Sayfa Tasarımları”


Biçer Ş.

TURAN- SAM , sa.41, ss.319-325, 2019 (Diğer Kurumların Hakemli Dergileri)

  • Yayın Türü: Makale / Tam Makale
  • Basım Tarihi: 2019
  • Dergi Adı: TURAN- SAM
  • Sayfa Sayıları: ss.319-325

Özet

Manichaeism is a religion found by Mani (216 – 276) in the 3rd Century Sassianan Kingdom. Altough its disciples had difficulties on every period and all geographies, this religion continued and spread over a wide geography after Mani’s death and continued its existence until the end of the 17th Century. The founder of this religion is Mani, who is an artist and known for depicting religious books. Mani religion was accepted as official religion by Uighur Khan Bögü in 763 and the monks, who followed Mani’s footsteps and produced artworks in the lands of Uyghur, experienced the most brilliant period of Uighur art and cultural life in Kansu, Turfan, Karaşahr, Koç and Hotan. The most important documents we get information about Mani religion and art are the manuscripts that contain ornamentation and painting, and very few of them reached until today. These fragmentary manuscripts are dated between the 8th and 11th centuries although most of them are not dated certainly. In recent years, Carbon-14 tests have been made for a number of pieces by foreign researchers and classification of the manuscripts are made as catalogues. Our subject is; determination of examining which types of formats are used for the Uighur manuscripts. Also, the page design of the manuscripts will be handled. The pieces of manuscripts are the earliest samples reached today and they are the main source for the book arts of the following centuries. Consideration of this aspect have importance for healthy viewing the influence of the book arts will be produced in different geographies and cultures reached to Anatolian territories throughout the centuries.