PREVALANCE OF SPEECH AND LANGUAGE DELAY IN PENDIK DISTRICT OF ISTANBUL


Ukşaş E., Çifçili S. S. , Ekinci F., Altınöz E., Küçük S.

EUROPEAN GENERAL PRACTICE NETWORK, Timisoara, Romanya, 7 - 10 Mayıs 2015, ss.39

  • Basıldığı Şehir: Timisoara
  • Basıldığı Ülke: Romanya
  • Sayfa Sayıları: ss.39

Özet

Prevalence of Speech and language delay in Pendik district of İstanbul and related risk factors. Ukşaş E, Serap Çifçili, Ekinci F, Altınöz E, Küçük S. Dept. Family Medicine, Marmara university school of medicine, Basibuyuk Istanbul, 34000 IstanbulTurkey Phone: +905326066848 Email: serapcifcili@gmail.com Background: Speech and language delay (SLD) is a clinic condition that negatively affects child’s academic performance and social life in the future. When diagnosed, the prognosis can be much better with the right therapy and treatment. Its prevalence in our country is unknown. Research question: What is the prevalence of SLD in 3-4 years old children in Pendik district of İstanbul? What are the probable risk factors for SLD? Method: A sample size of 400 was calculated with %95 CI and 0, 05 standard error fort his crosssectional study. From 117 primary care physicians’ lists, 405 children were randomly selected (4 primary, 8 reserves from each physicians list). The children and their parents were invited to the primary care centers. The investigator performed the Turkish form of Peabody Picture Vocabulary Test to each children face to face and Ankara Developmental Screening Inventory to the primary caregiver and children. A questionnaire of 29 probable risk factors was applied to the primary caregiver. Children who had a low score in any of the tests were accepted as SLD and referred to a specialist in for further evaluation. Results: The mean age of the 405 children who participated to the study was 42,2(±3,37) months and 239 (%59) of them were male. The prevalence of SLD was determined as % 3.5. Among the children with low paternal and maternal education level; whose mothers had smoked during pregnancy; who has SLD positive family history and who has a primary caregiver with a different native language from Turkish, SLD was more prevalent. As a result of logistic regression analysis, low paternal education level was determined as a risk factor for SLD (OR= 6.2 (C.I:1,9-19,7)) Conclusions: In our study, SLD prevalence was consistent with the literature. Children with low paternal education level are at risk for SLD.