Oral health related quality of life and disease severity in autoimmune bullous diseases

Bilgic A., Aydin F., Sumer P., Keskiner I., Koc S., Bozkurt S., ...Daha Fazla

NIGERIAN JOURNAL OF CLINICAL PRACTICE, cilt.23, sa.2, ss.159-164, 2020 (SCI İndekslerine Giren Dergi) identifier identifier identifier

  • Cilt numarası: 23 Konu: 2
  • Basım Tarihi: 2020
  • Doi Numarası: 10.4103/njcp.njcp_216_19
  • Sayfa Sayıları: ss.159-164


Background: There is an increased risk of long-term dental and periodontal disease in autoimmune bullous diseases (AIBD). Aims: In this cross-sectional study, we aimed to determine whether the oral health-related quality of life status (OHRQoL) was associated with disease severity and activity in patients with AIBD. Subjects and Methods: 67 patients with AIBD were enrolled in this study. Autoimmune Bullous Skin Disorder Intensity Score (ABSIS) was used to evaluate the disease severity. The score was categorized as a significant course (>= 17) and moderate course (<17). Oral health impact profile-14 (OHIP-14) questionnaire was filled to assess the OHRQoL. Self-reported oral health status and oral lesion related pain score were also evaluated in the study group. Results: OHIP-14 score was significantly higher in active patients (42.28 +/- 13.66) than inactive patients (29.08 +/- 12.25) (P = 0.004) and it was correlated with the pain score (6.33 +/- 2.78; r = 0.409, P = 0.013). Furthermore, OHIP-14 score was higher in patients with a significant disease course (45.18 +/- 15.08) (P = 0.010) than in patients with a moderate course (36.09 +/- 9.73). Conclusions: OHRQoL may be useful in the disease management and treatment. Since it can be affected by both presence of oral erosions and disease severity, a collaboration between dermatologists and dentists could be crucial to the disease management in AIBD.