Abstract The aim of this study is to examine the effect of rhythm training in basketball on the lay-up skill and visual attention ability of 9-10-year-old school children. 56 primary school children (28 experimental groups and 28 control groups) receiving education in the Republic of Macedonia took part voluntarily in the study. At the beginning of the study, the Stroop Colour Test was applied to the students to evaluate their basketball lay-up skill and to measure their visual attention ability. With the experimental group, a total of 12 lessons of rhythmic basketball (1 hour a day, 2 days per week for 6 weeks) were applied, while the control group were given basketball lessons in the traditional way, and the post-tests were repeated. To test the score increases of the groups, the non-parametric Wilcoxon signed rank test was used, while for comparisons between the groups, the Mann-Whitney U test was utilised. Results show that in the post-tests for both groups (REG and TEG) in which the lay-up skill was taught by the rhythm and traditional methods respectively, the performances for both the lay-up skill and visual attention increased, with the exception of the attention error scores. When comparing the differences in the pre-test and post-test scores between the groups for their lay-up skill and visual attention abilities, a statistically significant difference in favour of the REG group was found. It is considered that the findings of this study may (1) lead to the acquisition of new teaching methods in developing lay-up skills and visual attention skills in basketball by which students can take pleasure from the activities, and (2) contribute to the implementation of new Physical Education teaching programmes.
Keywords Rhythm Training, Children, Basketball, Attention