The effect of an Empowerment-Based Human Centered Educational Program on early weaning

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Irmak N., Uzuner A. , Çifçili S. S. , Aksoy S., Başaran B., Tellioğlu M.

Primary Health Care Research and Development, vol.22, no.40, pp.1-6, 2021 (Journal Indexed in SCI)

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 22 Issue: 40
  • Publication Date: 2021
  • Doi Number: 10.1017/s1463423621000013
  • Title of Journal : Primary Health Care Research and Development
  • Page Numbers: pp.1-6


Aim: To determine the effects of an Empowerment-Based Human Centered Educational Program
on early weaning.
Background: Exclusive breastfeeding (EBF) means that the infant receives only
breast milk during the first six months of life. It is essential for the healthy growth of the infants
and is supported by the main health organizations all around the world. Intervention studies performed within the antenatal period suggest that the education extends the duration of breastfeeding and increases the frequency of EBF.
Methods: This is a semi-randomized control
study. An interactive training module including role-plays which contain traditional patterns,
short films, short presentations, and group practice with models was prepared. The participants
were recruited in the study based on the voluntary participation of pregnant women followed up
for antenatal care in a total of four family health centers in Pendik, a district of Istanbul. The
pregnant women of one center formed the control group while others constituted the intervention
group. All of them were certified as
Baby Friendlyinstitution. A pretest and a posttest have been
performed to measure breastfeeding knowledge in the intervention group. The mothers of the
intervention group have been randomized into two subgroups: one group for reminder call
and the other for routine follow-up. All the participants including control group were called
at the end of the postpartum sixth month to determine the rates of EBF.
Results: Statistically significant increase in the rates of EBF at the end of six months showed the effectiveness of the education module (42.9 versus 22.2%, P = 0.001). Supplementary food taking time was earlier in the
control group (18.5
± 8 versus 15 ± 9.5 week, P = 0.03). The main reason of early weaning
reported by the mothers was
the insufficiency of the mothers milk.Conclusion: The group
training and postnatal reminders were found to be more effective than the individual training
provided at the baby-friendly health institutions in terms of the effectiveness on increasing
the frequency of EBF.