This work performs dimensionality reduction-based classification on fleece fabric-based images taken by a thermal camera. In order to convert images into the gray level, a principal component analysis-based dimension reduction stage was proposed. In addition, symmetric central local binary patterns were performed with the help of the proposed method by using the images after dimension reduction process. The local binary pattern features preserve local texture features from different kinds of defective image types. The experimental results showed that combined work has a great classification accuracy. The classification accuracy was reported using two different algorithms: Naive Bayes and K-nearest neighbor classifier.