Clinical Evaluation of Lasers and Sodium Fluoride Gel in the Treatment of Dentine Hypersensitivity


DİRİKAN İPCİ Ş., ÇAKAR G., Kuru B., Yilmaz S.

PHOTOMEDICINE AND LASER SURGERY, cilt.27, sa.1, ss.85-91, 2009 (SCI İndekslerine Giren Dergi) identifier identifier identifier

  • Yayın Türü: Makale / Tam Makale
  • Cilt numarası: 27 Konu: 1
  • Basım Tarihi: 2009
  • Doi Numarası: 10.1089/pho.2008.2263
  • Dergi Adı: PHOTOMEDICINE AND LASER SURGERY
  • Sayfa Sayıları: ss.85-91

Özet

Objective: The aim of the present study was to evaluate and compare the efficacy of CO2 and Er:YAG lasers alone and in combination with topical sodium fluoride (NaF) in the management of dentine hypersensitivity. Materials and Methods: A group of 50 patients presenting with a total of 420 hypersensitive teeth were randomly allocated into five groups. Group 1 was treated with 2% NaF, groups 2 and 3 were lased by a CO2 (1 W, continuous wave mode, for 10 sec) or Er:YAG (30 Hz, 60 mJ for 10 sec, without water/air spray) laser, and groups 4 and 5 received NaF plus the CO2 and the Er:YAG laser, respectively. The scanning speed of the laser was 0.8 mm/sec. The degree of thermal sensitivity was determined with an evaporative stimulus consisting of a 1-sec air blast at a distance of 2 mm from each site tested. Quantification of the degree of discomfort was determined according to a four-point pain scale before treatment and 1 wk, 1 mo, and 6 mo after treatment. Results: All treatment forms resulted in significant improvement of discomfort. At 1 wk, 1 mo, and 6 mo, cold air blast scores were significantly reduced compared to baseline scores, except for the NaF group. In the NaF group, there was a statistically significant increase in mean degree of discomfort at 6 mo compared with 1 wk (p < 0.01) and 1 mo (p < 0.001). Comparison of the other treatment regimens revealed that cold air blast scores were significantly lower for the other four treatments than for NaF gel alone (p < 0.001). No superiority was found for desensitization among the CO2, Er:YAG, CO2 + NaF, and Er:YAG + NaF groups. Conclusions: We concluded that both the CO2 and Er:YAG lasers have promising potential for the treatment of dentine hypersensitivity. Lasers in combination with NaF gel appear to show better efficacy compared to either treatment modality alone. 85