OCCURRENCE OF FUMONISINS B-1 AND B-2 IN HOMEMADE MEDICINAL PLANTS: EXPOSURE ASSESSMENT IN NORTHERN TURKEY


Soyogul U. G. , Korkmaz I. O. , Dumlu M. U. , Omurtag G. Z.

ACTA ALIMENTARIA, vol.45, no.1, pp.54-60, 2016 (Journal Indexed in SCI) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 45 Issue: 1
  • Publication Date: 2016
  • Doi Number: 10.1556/066.2016.45.1.7
  • Title of Journal : ACTA ALIMENTARIA
  • Page Numbers: pp.54-60

Abstract

This study was conducted to determine the recent level of contamination with Fumonisin B-1 (FB1) and Fumonisin B-2 (FB2) in major medicinal plants and to assess consumer exposure in northern Turkey. FB1 and FB2 were investigated by using high performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) with fluorescence detection after derivatization with o-phthaldialdehyde (OPA). A total of 78 homemade medicinal plant samples from 14 species were analysed. The recovery in thyme was 67.2 +/- 5.2% for FB1 and 80.8 +/- 14.3% for FB2 spiked with 1 mu g g(-1) of each analyte. The minimum detectable amount for the OPA derivatives of FB1 and FB2 were 1 ng per injection and 2.5 ng per injection, respectively. The limit of quantitation (LOQ) S/N=10 was 0.078 and 0.313 mu g g(-1), and the limit of detection (LOD) S/N=3 was 0.023 and 0.093 mu g g(-1) for FB1 and FB2, respectively. FB1 was detected in thyme (0.125) and mint (0.125 and 0.256 mu g g(-1)) samples; however. FB2 toxin was below the detection limit in all samples. These results indicate that toxins might be present in homemade medicinal plants; however, the risk of exposure to fumonisins by the consumption of those plants was lower than the estimated TDI limits (<2 mu g kg(-1) bw).