Trajectory tracking performance comparison between genetic algorithm and ant colony optimization for PID controller tuning on pressure process


ÜNAL M. , ERDAL H. , TOPUZ V.

COMPUTER APPLICATIONS IN ENGINEERING EDUCATION, cilt.20, sa.3, ss.518-528, 2012 (SCI İndekslerine Giren Dergi) identifier identifier

  • Yayın Türü: Makale / Tam Makale
  • Cilt numarası: 20 Konu: 3
  • Basım Tarihi: 2012
  • Doi Numarası: 10.1002/cae.20420
  • Dergi Adı: COMPUTER APPLICATIONS IN ENGINEERING EDUCATION
  • Sayfa Sayıları: ss.518-528

Özet

The main goal of this study was to compare the performances of genetic algorithm (GA) and ant colony optimization (ACO) algorithm for PID controller tuning on a pressure control process. GA and ACO were used for tuning of the PID controller when predefined trajectory reference signal was applied. Offline learning approach was employed in both GA and ACO algorithms. Realized pressure process dynamic has nonlinear behavior, thus system was modeled by nonlinear auto regressive and exogenous input (NARX) type artificial neural network (ANN) approach. PID controller was also tuned by ZieglerNichols (ZN) method to compare the results. A cost function was design to minimize the error along the defined cubic trajectory for the GA-PID and ACO-PID controller. Then PID controller parameters (Kp, Ki, Kd) were found by GA-PID, ACO-PID algorithms, which were adjusted with their optimal parameters. It was concluded that both ACO and GA algorithms could be used to tune the PID controllers in the pressure process with excellent performance. This material is suitable for an engineering course on neural networks, genetic algorithm, ant colony optimization and process control laboratory. (c) 2010 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. Comput Appl Eng Educ 20: 518528, 2012