A Delicate Process of Participation: The question of participation of WEU Associate Members in decision-making for EU-led Petersberg operations, with special reference to Turkey

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Cebeci E. M.

Technical Report, pp.1-34, 1999

  • Publication Type: Other Publication / Technical Report
  • Publication Date: 1999
  • Page Numbers: pp.1-34


This paper analyses one of WEU’s several types of membership, “Associate Membership”, while addressing, in particular, the issue of participation of WEU Associate Members in the EU decision-making process for Petersberg operations. European Members of NATO which are not members of the EU (the Czech Republic, Hungary, Iceland, Norway, Poland, and Turkey) are Associate Members of WEU, with which they maintain a close relationship. This study focuses more specifically on Turkey’s participation in EU-led operations, since this country’s geographical and political position vis-à-vis the EU is unique.