Technical Report, pp.1-34, 1999
This paper analyses one of WEU’s several types of membership, “Associate
Membership”, while addressing, in particular, the issue of participation of WEU
Associate Members in the EU decision-making process for Petersberg operations.
European Members of NATO which are not members of the EU (the Czech Republic,
Hungary, Iceland, Norway, Poland, and Turkey) are Associate Members of WEU,
with which they maintain a close relationship. This study focuses more specifically on
Turkey’s participation in EU-led operations, since this country’s geographical and
political position vis-à-vis the EU is unique.