Synergistic Effects of Methotrexate and Suberoylanilide Hydroxamic Acid in Triggering Apoptosis of Chronic Myeloid Leukemia Cells

Altundag E. M. , Yilmaz A. M. , Corek C., Yalcin A. S. , Taga Y., Kocturk S.

UHOD-ULUSLARARASI HEMATOLOJI-ONKOLOJI DERGISI, vol.25, no.1, pp.1-11, 2015 (Journal Indexed in SCI) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 25 Issue: 1
  • Publication Date: 2015
  • Doi Number: 10.4999/uhod.15634
  • Page Numbers: pp.1-11


In this study, we have investigated the effects of suberoylanilide hydroxamic acid (SAHA) against chronic myeloid leukemia (CML) cells in combination studies with methotrexate (MTX), which is a dihydrofolate reductase inhibitor used in combination therapy with other agents or alone. Combination of synergistic ratios of MTX and SAHA led to apoptotic cell death of CML cells via PARR cleavage, cytochrome c release and ROS increase in vitro. We suggest that combination of MD( and SAHA may minimize the toxicity and side effects of SAHA treatment, thus providing lower amounts of each drug in CML treatment.