Acute pesticide poisoning related deaths in Turkey

Nesime Y., Lokman B., Akif I. , Gurol C., Basar C., Mustafa K.

VETERINARY AND HUMAN TOXICOLOGY, cilt.46, sa.6, ss.342-344, 2004 (SCI İndekslerine Giren Dergi) identifier identifier identifier

  • Cilt numarası: 46 Konu: 6
  • Basım Tarihi: 2004
  • Sayfa Sayıları: ss.342-344


This study determined the spectrum of deaths due to acute agrochernical poisoning in Turkey. Data was obtained from all autopsy reports performed between 1997 and 2001, compiled by the Institute of Forensic Medicine (which is a department of the Ministry of justice), and evaluated retrospectively. There were 3990 deaths by intoxication of one form or another. Acute agrochemical/pesticide poisoning caused 843 deaths. Almost half were under 30 yo: 55% were female and 45%were male. Of 205 deaths whose manner of death was determined, 153 (75%) were suicide; the most common substance used was insecticide followed by sulfur, rodenticides, and herbicides. The pattern appeared consistent from 1997 to 2001 with no decline in the number of cases, despite the government having taken measures to educate the public and reduce pesticide use by offering alternates to control pests and insects.