Low-density lipoprotein specifically binds glycoprotein IIb/IIIa: A flow cytometric method for ligand-receptor interaction

TETİK Ş. , Uras F., Eksioglu-Demiralp E., Yardimci K. T.

CLINICAL AND APPLIED THROMBOSIS-HEMOSTASIS, vol.14, no.2, pp.210-219, 2008 (Journal Indexed in SCI) identifier identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 14 Issue: 2
  • Publication Date: 2008
  • Doi Number: 10.1177/1076029607303781
  • Page Numbers: pp.210-219


Primary platelet aggregation requires agonist-mediated activation of membrane receptor glycoprotein (GP) IIb/IIIa, binding of fibrinogen to GpIIb/IIIa, and cellular events after fibrinogen binding. This study investigated whether fibrinogen receptor GpIIb/IIIa is also the binding site for low-density lipoprotein (LDL) in platelets by using GpIIb/IIIa-coated polystyrene microbeads incubated with various concentrations of fluorescein isothiocyanate (FITC)-labeled ligands. Binding was assayed by flow cytometry. Binding of fibrinogen (Fg)-FITC and LDL-FITC to GpIIb/IIIa coated microbeads was concentration dependent, reaching saturation. Binding of LDL-FITC to GpIIb/IIIa coated microbeads was inhibited by fibrinogen. Binding of LDL-FITC or Fg-FITC to freshly isolated platelets gave similar results as those of GpIIb/IIIa coated microbeads. Glycoprotein IIb/IIIa, the fibrinogen receptor on platelets is also one of the binding sites of LDL on platelets. This rapid and reliable flow cytometric technique using coated microbeads may be used as a first step for the study of all ligand receptor interactions.