The New Comprehension of History During The Second Institutional Period of Ottoman Era: The Impact of "Essai Sur L'histoire De L'islamisme" of Dozy


YENİLMEZ H. , ÜSTÜN İ. S.

TARIH KULTUR VE SANAT ARASTIRMALARI DERGISI-JOURNAL OF HISTORY CULTURE AND ART RESEARCH, cilt.5, sa.1, ss.27-43, 2016 (ESCI İndekslerine Giren Dergi) identifier

  • Yayın Türü: Makale / Tam Makale
  • Cilt numarası: 5 Konu: 1
  • Basım Tarihi: 2016
  • Doi Numarası: 10.7596/taksad.v5i1.481
  • Dergi Adı: TARIH KULTUR VE SANAT ARASTIRMALARI DERGISI-JOURNAL OF HISTORY CULTURE AND ART RESEARCH
  • Sayfa Sayıları: ss.27-43

Özet

During the Second Constitutional Period of Ottoman era, the translation movement of positivist and materialist texts from the West affected a number of the Ottoman intellectuals. The effects of these ideological movements could clearly be seen in their works. Following these ideological changes, the Ottoman intellectual's perceptions towards classical Islamic history has been completely changed. Also, during the constitutional period, the Islamic history literature seems to be demonstrating a different sense of historical approach. It is also observed that during the second constitutional period along with the increased translation activities from the West, Ottoman intellectuals started to accommodate "the scientific historiography" approach. In his translation of Essai Sur L'histoire De L'islamisme, Abdullah Cevdet translated the title as History of Islam and he called Dozy "a complete neutral" and "a product of reasoning". The majority of Ottoman intellectuals gravely criticized Cevdet's work at that time. This article describes the works which refuses the works of Cevdet and analyzes how they try to explain the concepts like "Miracle" and the "Mirac" which are difficult to describe with scientific method. In this context the works of Manastirli Ismail Hakki, Nevsehirli Hayreddin, Sehbenderzade Filibeli Ahmed Hilmi also examined.