Particle bombardment technology and its applications in plants

ÖZYİĞİT İ. İ. , Yucebilgili Kurtoglu K.

MOLECULAR BIOLOGY REPORTS, 2020 (Journal Indexed in SCI) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Review
  • Volume:
  • Publication Date: 2020
  • Doi Number: 10.1007/s11033-020-06001-5


Particle bombardment, or biolistics, has emerged as an excellent alternative approach for plant genetic transformation which circumvents the limitations of Agrobacterium-mediated genetic transformation. The method has no biological constraints and can transform a wide range of plant species. Besides, it has been the most efficient way to achieve organelle transformation (for both chloroplasts and mitochondria) so far. Along with the recent advances in genome editing technologies, conventional gene delivery tools are now being repurposed to deliver targeted gene editing reagents into the plants. One of the key advantages is that the particle bombardment allows DNA-free gene editing of the genome. It enables the direct delivery of proteins, RNAs, and RNPs into plants. Owing to the versatility and wide-range applicability of the particle bombardment, it will likely remain one of the major genetic transformation methods in the future. This article provides an overview of the current status of particle bombardment technology and its applications in the field of plant research and biotechnology.