Ataturk and CHP's Cinema Policy in the Early Republican Period


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Luleci Y.

TURKIYE ILETISIM ARASTIRMALARI DERGISI-TURKISH REVIEW OF COMMUNICATION STUDIES, pp.222-248, 2018 (Journal Indexed in ESCI) identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Publication Date: 2018
  • Doi Number: 10.17829/turcom.499673
  • Title of Journal : TURKIYE ILETISIM ARASTIRMALARI DERGISI-TURKISH REVIEW OF COMMUNICATION STUDIES
  • Page Numbers: pp.222-248

Abstract

The Republican People's Party (RPP) government in the Early Republican Era considered that the progress in the field of art was a mark of civilization, and that art could be used as an effective tool in communicating the principles and reforms of the Republic to the citizens and in creating a modern nation-state. On the other hand, it is difficult to say that cinema was used very effectively and that it had as much government support as other branches of art although there are statements and documents revealing the fact that cinema was regarded as a tool of education and propaganda. Motion pictures screened in the important institution of the period "People's House"s were generally educational, news and propaganda films. While the government tried to regulate the cinema in terms of its political attitude by means of censorship laws, it tried to ensure that the filmmakers were able to carry out their activities in better economic conditions with tax cuts and so this made it easier for citizens to go to the cinema. In the 1920s and 1930s, the Republican government also went to collaboration in the field of cinema with the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics with whom it had also built good relationships in the political sphere. Hence, the government imported educational films from the Soviet Union in various fields and also invited the movie makers from Soviet Republics to create a film about the 10th anniversary of the Turkish Republic. In this study, the Republican People's Party (RPP) government's cinema policy during the Early Republican Period has been tried to be discussed in detail based on documents of the Prime Minister's Republican Archives (BCA), memoirs and other literature related to the field.