Is there a role of angiotensin-converting enzyme gene polymorphism in the failure of arteriovenous femoral shunts for hemodialysis?

Isbir C., Akgun S., Yilmaz H., Civelek A., Ak K., Tekeli A., ...More

ANNALS OF VASCULAR SURGERY, vol.15, no.4, pp.443-446, 2001 (Journal Indexed in SCI) identifier identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 15 Issue: 4
  • Publication Date: 2001
  • Doi Number: 10.1007/s100160010116
  • Page Numbers: pp.443-446


In humans, thrombosis and neointimal hyperplasia are the major factors responsible for prosthetic graft occlusion. Previous studies suggest that the renin-angiotensin system is one of the key enzymes in the vascular system and has been implicated in the pathogenesis of thrombosis and neointimal hyperplasia. We conducted a case-control study to determine the frequency of the different angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) genotypes among the patients who had PTFE graft implantation for hemodialysis access. Between 1997 and 1999, 30 graft implantations were performed. Twelve individuals (40%) developed thrombotic complications, 8 of the 12 patients had ACE ID polymorphism, and 2 patients had DD and 2 patients had II polymorphism. The ID polymorphism was significantly more frequent in the thrombosed arteriovenous (A-V) grafts than in nonthrombosed A-V grafts (chi (2) = 7.57 and p = 0.02). Overall, the frequency of the D and I alleles was 66.6 and 33.3%, respectively. In conclusion, ID polymorphism of the ACE gene plays an important role in the pathogenesis of vascular access thrombosis in subjects undergoing hemodialysis for chronic renal failure.