Properties of flocs formed using different coagulants

Yukselen M., Gregory J.

3rd World Water Congress of the International-Water-Association, Melbourne, Avustralya, 7 - 12 Nisan 2002, cilt.2, ss.95-101 identifier

  • Cilt numarası: 2
  • Basıldığı Şehir: Melbourne
  • Basıldığı Ülke: Avustralya
  • Sayfa Sayıları: ss.95-101


The effects of shear on the formation and break-up of flocs generated using aluminium sulphate ("alum"), polyaluminium chloride and a cationic polyelectrolyte have been investigated using conventional jar test procedure and by continuous optical monitoring. Using the experimentally determined optimum dosage, the breakage of flocs was followed at a high stirring speed, corresponding to average shear rate (G) of about 330-520 s(-1). Most of the breakage occurred within a few seconds of increasing the shear rate. After each breakage the stirring rate was reduced to the original value to allow the flocs to re-grow. For alum and polyaluminium chloride, it was found that only limited re-growth of flocs occurred indicating a significant irreversibility of the floc break-up process. Residual turbidity increased after floc breakage and re-growth, indicating a reduction in sedimentation rate of the re-grown flocs, consistent with the continuous monitoring results. For the cationic polyelectrolyte, the re-growth of flocs occurred to a much greater extent and floc breakage was almost fully reversible.