16th Annual Congress of the ECSS, Liverpool, United Kingdom, 6 - 09 July 2011, pp.429-430
EVALUATION OF RISK FACTORS RELATED TO HEALTH IN UNDERWEIGHT AND OBESITY
ODABAS, I., BULGAN, C., GULER, L., MEHMET, T., AYDIN, S., AGOPYAN, A.
HALIC UNIVERSITY, SCHOOL OF PHYSICAL EDUCATION AND SPORT
Introduction Both fatness and thinness, two extreme points of body structure, are a risky structural condition. Therefore, the aim of this
study was to evaluate the risk factors related to health of those whose body mass index levels are too low, those who are underweight
and who are in a high level obesity condition. Method The study was carried out on the people who have attended to a sport-health group for 5 years and they were in various age groups. Bone lengths, skinfold thickness and circumferences of the participants were
measured and anthropometric standardization manuel was used as the reference. Yuhazs formula was used for the body composition.
They were asked Par- Q test and the questionnaire of the family history and sport habits of the participants. All data was evaluated by
SPSS programme. Results There were total 227 participants in the study group and it was formed into two groups. First group was underweight
group (N=105 mean age 26,55±6,68, BMI: 17,84±.63) . Second group was obesity group (N= 112, mean age 29, 41±9, 12,
33,37±2,8), 34.3 % of the underweight group and 25.9 % of the obesity group had never been involved in sport activity. 5.7% of the underweight
group had coronary heart disease, 14.3 % of the same group’s mothers and 2.9 % of the group’s fathers had the same disease
while 9 % of the obesity group had this disease and 17.9 % of this group’s fathers and 8% of this group’s mothers had coronary
heart disease. According to the Par Q test results, 14.3% of the underweight group and 12.5% of the obesity group had some chest pain
because of the exercise. 3.8% of the underweight group and 4.5% of the obesity group had disorderly heart rate rhythms. The ratio of
early heart attack risk in the family was 21.9 % for the underweight group while it was 25.9 % for the obesity group. Discussion The underweight
group had done the exercises more than the obesity group and also they smoked and used alcohol more than the obesity
group. Obesity group had more vascular heart problems, diabetes and respiratory problems than the other group. Metabolic disease
ratio for both groups was similar. According to the Par Q test results, both groups had cardio vascular problems.Joint problems were
intensive in the obesity group. Excessive thinness has risk factors like obesity but the risks for fatness more than the risks for thinness.
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