The effects of static, dynamic and fatigue behavior on three-dimensional shape optimization of hip prosthesis by finite element method


KAYABAŞI O., EKİCİ B.

MATERIALS & DESIGN, cilt.28, ss.2269-2277, 2007 (SCI İndekslerine Giren Dergi) identifier identifier

  • Cilt numarası: 28 Konu: 8
  • Basım Tarihi: 2007
  • Doi Numarası: 10.1016/j.matdes.2006.08.012
  • Dergi Adı: MATERIALS & DESIGN
  • Sayfa Sayıları: ss.2269-2277

Özet

The finite element method, one of the most advanced simulation techniques in solid mechanics, is used for orthopedic biomechanics. It is used as a tool for the design and analysis of total joint replacement and other orthopedic devices. The design of hip joint prostheses is a complex process that requires close co-operation between engineers and surgeons. To design highly durable prostheses one has to take into account the natural processes occurring in the bone. One of the most important factors in the implant design is to reduce stress on the femur and the bone-cement. The purpose of this study is to investigate the behavior of newly designed implants under body weight load during stumbling by parametric modeling. Two different implant materials have been selected to study appropriate material and fatigue life resistant. In the parametric design, the prosthesis functional requirement is that the locking of stem to the femur head using cement should be strong enough to preclude unlocking during the life time of a patient and to prevent sliding of the implant into the bone-cement.