Economics Management & Econometrics, Ahmet Mete Çilingirtürk,Anna Albrychiewicz-Słocinska,Besim Bülent Bali, Editör, Ijopec Publication, London, ss.55-76, 2017
Need for Education Reforms in Turkey: An Assessment of Pisa Results
This paper explains middle-income trap and analyses Turkey’s experience by focussing on the role of a high-quality education system to avoid the trap. Relation between education and economic growth is frequently discussed in economics literature. It is known that education is key to economic growth and development. Interpretation of technology in production processes, adopted in developed countries and technology transfer, can only be possible through quality education. A strong correlation is obversed between education and progress in developed and developing countries. International comparisons such as Programme for International Student Assessment (PISA) support the hypothesis that strong education systems lay the foundations for development of countries. This study examines theoretical fundamentals of the relation between education and economic growth and reviews the studies that examined the relation between growth and education. Further, it discusses the recent need for structural reform in Turkish economy within the framework of middle-income trap and the expected education reforms. Finally, the study uses PISA results to draw inference on public policies in education using optimization techniques.