Morphological and mechanical analysis of electrospun shape memory polymer fibers


Budun S., İŞGÖREN E. , ERDEM R., YÜKSEK M.

APPLIED SURFACE SCIENCE, cilt.380, ss.294-300, 2016 (SCI İndekslerine Giren Dergi) identifier identifier

  • Yayın Türü: Makale / Tam Makale
  • Cilt numarası: 380
  • Basım Tarihi: 2016
  • Doi Numarası: 10.1016/j.apsusc.2015.12.235
  • Dergi Adı: APPLIED SURFACE SCIENCE
  • Sayfa Sayıları: ss.294-300

Özet

Shape memory block co-polymer Polyurethane (PU) fibers were fabricated by electrospinning technique. Four different solution concentrations (5 wt.%, 10 wt.%, 15 wt.% and 20 wt.%) were prepared by using Tetrahydrofuran (THF)/N,N-dimethylformamide (DMF) (50:50, v/v) as solvents, and three different voltages (30 kV, 35 kV and 38.9 kV) were determined for the electrospinning process. Solution properties were explored in terms of viscosity and electrical conductivity. It was observed that as the polymer concentration increased in the solution, the conductivity declined. Morphological characteristics of the obtained fibers were analyzed through Scanning Electron Microscopy (SEM) measurements. Findings indicated that fiber morphology varied especially with polymer concentration and applied voltage. Obtained fiber diameter ranged from 112 +/- 34 nm to 2046 +/- 654 nm, respectively. DSC analysis presented that chain orientation of the polymer increased after electrospinning process. Shape fixity and shape recovery calculations were realized. The best shape fixity value (92 +/- 4%) was obtained for Y10K30 and the highest shape recovery measurement (130 +/- 4%) was belonged to Y15K39. Mechanical properties of the electrospun webs were also investigated in both machine and transverse directions. Tensile and elongation values were also affected from fiber diameter distribution and morphological characteristics of the electrospun webs. (C) 2015 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.