Assessment of the thermal pyrolysis characteristics and kinetic parameters of spent coffee waste: a TGA-MS study


Polat S. , Sayan P.

ENERGY SOURCES PART A-RECOVERY UTILIZATION AND ENVIRONMENTAL EFFECTS, 2020 (SCI İndekslerine Giren Dergi) identifier identifier

  • Cilt numarası:
  • Basım Tarihi: 2020
  • Doi Numarası: 10.1080/15567036.2020.1736693
  • Dergi Adı: ENERGY SOURCES PART A-RECOVERY UTILIZATION AND ENVIRONMENTAL EFFECTS

Özet

The present study aimed to investigate the pyrolysis characteristics and kinetics of spent coffee waste (SCW) at different heating rates (5-40 degrees C/min) at a temperature ranging from 30 to 800 degrees C in a thermogravimetric analyzer (TGA). First, the physicochemical properties of the SCW were characterized using X-ray diffraction, Fourier transform infrared spectrometry, scanning electron microscopy, and elemental analysis. Then, the thermal decomposition kinetic profiles were modeled using the Coats-Redfern, Flynn-Wall-Ozawa (FWO), Kissinger-Akahira-Sunose (KAS), and Starink models. All the tested models provided accurate fits of the thermogravimetric analysis data with acceptably high R-2 values. The mean activation energy of the coffee waste was 101.8, 96.7, and 97.1 kJ/mol for the FWO, KAS, and Starink models, respectively. Finally, the evolved gases detected during the decomposition by TGA coupled with a mass spectrometer (MS) primarily consisted of water, methane, and carbon dioxide.