Sustainable fabric printing by using pre-consumed cellulosic textile wastes: The effect of waste particle content


Journal of Cleaner Production, vol.448, 2024 (SCI-Expanded) identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 448
  • Publication Date: 2024
  • Doi Number: 10.1016/j.jclepro.2024.141635
  • Journal Name: Journal of Cleaner Production
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus, Academic Search Premier, PASCAL, Aerospace Database, Business Source Elite, Business Source Premier, CAB Abstracts, Chimica, Communication Abstracts, Compendex, INSPEC, Metadex, Pollution Abstracts, Public Affairs Index, Veterinary Science Database, Civil Engineering Abstracts
  • Keywords: Cotton fabric, Pre-consumed waste, Recycling, Screen printing, Sustainability, Waste cellulose
  • Marmara University Affiliated: Yes


The textile industry generates significant amounts of waste, including yarn/fiber fluffs, fabric scraps, offcuts, etc. These wastes can be recycled and repurposed for usage in screen printing which is a versatile and cost-effective printing technique by producing high-quality prints. In this study, pre-consumed colored cotton wastes were milled into 30–70 μm particle size by using a miller. Then the colored waste particles were included in a commercial printing paste and applied on cotton fabrics via screen printing. Fourier transform infrared (FTIR) spectroscopy, X-ray diffraction (XRD) analysis, and energy dispersive spectrometer (EDS) were employed to observe the chemical changes in the printed textile fabrics. The printed fabrics were evaluated through color, wash/rub fastness, tensile strength, surface wettability, tactile, and air permeability properties. The dispersion quality of the waste particles on textile fabrics was observed by using light microscopy and scanning electron microscopy (SEM) images. The overall results demonstrate that a 10% amount of waste fibrous particle inclusion to the printing paste gave optimum results by means of dispersion quality of wastes, air permeability, and handle properties. Above 10% waste amounts, the waste particles cannot be dissipated well on the fabric surface, resulting in agglomerated and non-uniform printed areas. These findings hold substantial potential for promoting sustainable coloring applications by using colored pre-consumed textile wastes within the textile industry while maintaining high-quality fabric products.