Investigation of the effects of fabric parameters on air permeability of woolen fabrics

Atmaca M. , Dal V., YILMAZ A., Kurtulus A. B. B.

TEXTILE RESEARCH JOURNAL, vol.85, no.20, pp.2099-2107, 2015 (Journal Indexed in SCI) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 85 Issue: 20
  • Publication Date: 2015
  • Doi Number: 10.1177/0040517515599740
  • Page Numbers: pp.2099-2107
  • Keywords: air permeability, porosity, permeability, woolen fabric, wind tunnel


Permeability and porosity of woolen fabrics are investigated experimentally in this paper. Permeability experiments are conducted in a wind tunnel to the TS 391-EN ISO 9237 standard. Woolen fabric is placed in the test section of the wind tunnel to measure permeability to airproofing . Velocity measurements are made used a hot wire anemometer in the front and rear of the wool. Air permeability is closely related to pore size and distribution. So, it is important to study porosity, in order to classify and determine the right use of woolen fabrics. Many methods are used to estimate porosity. In this study, the theoretical model is used for determination of porosity values, and the influence on porosity of various fabric parameters was investigated. Depending on the permeability, weft and warp density, weight, fabric thickness and porosity relationship are investigated. The results are presented as graphs.