Effects of interphase boundary anisotropy on the three-phase growth dynamics in the beta(In) - In2Bi - gamma(Sn) ternary-eutectic system

Mohagheghi S., Hecht U., Bottin-Rousseau S., Akamatsu S., Faivre G., Serefoglu M.

Joint Conference of 5th International Conference on Advances in Solidification Processes (ICASP) and 5th International Symposium on Cutting Edge of Computer Simulation of Solidification, Casting and Refining (CSSCR), Salzburg, Austria, 17 - 21 June 2019, vol.529 identifier identifier


We present an experimental investigation on the effects of the interphase energy anisotropy on the formation of three-phase growth microstructures during directional solidification (DS) of the beta(In)-In2Bi-gamma(Sn) ternary-eutectic system. Standard DS and rotating directional solidification (RDS) experiments were performed using thin alloy samples with real-time observation. We identified two main types of eutectic grains (EGs): (i) quasi-isotropic EGs within which the solidification dynamics do not exhibit any substantial anisotropy effect, and (ii) anisotropic EGs, within which RDS microstructures exhibit an alternation of locked and unlocked microstructures. EBSD analyses revealed (i) a strong tendency to an alignment of the In2Bi and gamma(Sn) crystals (both hexagonal) with respect to the thin-sample walls, and (ii) the existence of special crystal orientation relationships (ORs) between the three solid phases in both quasi-isotropic and anisotropic EGs. We initiate a discussion on the dominating locking effect of the In2Bi-beta(In) interphase boundary during quasi steady-state solidification, and the existence of strong crystal selection mechanisms during early nucleation and growth stages.